Calculating the Mean (Arithmetic Mean): Add up all values and divide by the total count to get the mean.

Finding the Median: Sort values in order; the median is the middle value. For an even number of values, take the average of the two middle numbers.

Identifying the Mode: The mode is the most frequently occurring value. Datasets can have multiple modes if there are ties.

Determining the Range: Subtract the smallest value from the largest to find the range. A smaller range suggests more consistent scores, while a larger range indicates more variability.